Sperm Formation

How Much Time Does It Take For Sperm Formation?

As a male reproductive cell, sperm fertilises a female’s egg to create a new life. It needs to be optimum in terms of count, shape, and motility to make a female pregnant and create a new life. In general, a male’s testicles produce sperm daily. And its production depends largely on a male’s lifestyle and food habits. Poor/bad lifestyle weakens sperm production that gradually leads a male to have infertility, an inability to father a child. So, as a male, you should take a healthy diet and follow good lifestyle habits.


The process involved in sperm production is spermatogenesis. An ideal cycle of sperm production process, which includes both production and maturation, lasts for around 64 days. Healthy sperm cells are able to swim swiftly in the female reproductive system to meet with and fertilise an egg cell. 

In general, there is a production of around 1500 sperm cells in a male’s testicles in a second. During sexual intercourse, a male ejaculates around two hundred million sperm cells in a millilitre of semen. As a male, you do not need to worry about the adequate amount of sperm in your testicles.  

Steps of sperm regeneration/production

Ideally, there are three steps engaged in a sperm regeneration cycle that lasts for around 64 days. The sperm regeneration cycle steps are as follows:

  • Division of sperm diploid cells into haploid spermatids 
  • Maturation of sperm in the testicles that result in the transformation of spermatids into spermatozoa 
  • Movement of sperm into epididymis   

How to improve sperm health 

As stated above, healthy sperm is crucial for a male to become a father. So, it is crucial for you to maintain or improve your sperm health when both of you are working on your family expansion plan. Here are some useful steps for your support:

  • Consume enough vitamin C and D - As per a 2016 study, men who take 1000 mg of vitamin C and have a healthy body weight have healthy sperm in terms of count, shape, and motility. A 2015 study states that couples who have normal vitamin D levels have higher conception chances in comparison with vitamin D deficient couples.  
  • Exercise daily - According to a 2014 PubMed Central study on 433 semen samples, men who do outdoor activities daily or lift weights for around 3 hours a week have an increase of up to 42% in sperm count in comparison with the one who lives a highly comfortable life.  
  • Take lycopene in an adequate amount - As per a 2014 study, males of reproductive age should take 4 to 8 mg of lycopene to increase their sperm count and health.   
  • Quit smoking - Cigarettes, bidi, pipes, and cigars have nicotine that affect your sperm function and semen quality. Constant and heavy smoking can lead you to have infertility and no sperm in semen ejaculated by your penis. 
  • Limit your alcohol consumption - A study conducted on 1221 men in 2014 states that men who consume alcoholic beverages excessively have poor sperm production and low sperm count can lead them to infertility. 
  • Put on loose-fitting and comfortable inner wear - Your testicles are an outer body part. They hang outside of your body to maintain their temperature around 35 to 37°C, which is cooler than your entire body. Such a temperature range is optimal for sperm production. Having tight underwear, pants, and jeans increases temperatures around your testicles, causing irregularities in sperm production. So, you should avoid wearing tight underwear and outfits. Further, you should avoid extreme heat.  

At Archish IVF Centre, we conduct semen analysis to facilitate males to know whether they have healthy sperm or not. If not, our experts prescribe medicines and suggest lifestyle changes to improve their sperm count and health.


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